Celeste Henry introduces the history of black healthcare in Galveston, Texas at the conception of the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), the state’s first medical school which also had the first department focusing on black health which had the ability to treat a large number of people. Racialized social determinants of health have made the black population disproportionately affected by health issues and historically there has been very little if no, health access (in terms of both treatment and practice) for black people before widespread integration. However, doctors from historically black universities had opened their own practices to treat black patients, not only physiologically but also taking into account the emotional and psychological aspects of healthcare. Practitioners such as Dr. Edith Jones (the first black graduate of the University of Arkansas Medical School) approached medical care for the black community as a layered system, in which cultivating black health and well-being also cultivated society at large.